The Calabria, Italy DNA Project’s goal is to examine the DNA of living individuals from the villages of Gioiosa Ionica, Martone, and Grotteria in Reggio Calabria, in order to see what the DNA shows about our ancestors’ origins—-that is because the DNA that we carry in our cells today gives a fascinating history of who our ancestors were and where they came from.
We have 1000s of ancestors: 2 parents, 4 grandparents, 8 great-grandparents, 16 great-great grandparents, 32 great-great-great grandparents; in fact, the number of ancestors doubles each generation we go back.
Of these 1000s of grandparents’ lines, only two of them—-our father’s father’s father’s line way back in time and our mother’s mother’s mother’s line way back in time—-have left specific types of DNA in our cells that are inherited unchanged from a long time ago. In contrast, most of our DNA we inherit has been shuffled, so we can’t tell which ancestors we inherited it from. The 2 special types of DNA that we inherit unchanged from a known ancestor are:
Y-DNA: Tells the origins of a person’s father’s father’s line way back in time, representing the 1st person to every carry your surname. This piece of DNA is inherited from grandfather to father to son virtually unchanged over 1000s of years. So the Y DNA that a male carries in his cells today, correlates with his distant paternal grandfather’s Y DNA thousands of years ago—and stores a history of the migration pattern and deep ethnic “roots” of this particular grandfather.
mtDNA: Tells the origins of a person’s mother’s mother’s line way back in time, representing the one’s maternal grandmother’s line. This piece of DNA is inherited from grandmother to mother to child virtually unchanged over 1000s of years. So the mtDNA that a people carry in their cells today, correlates with their distant maternal grandmother’s mtDNA thousands of years ago—and stores a history of the migration pattern and deep ethnic “roots” of this particular grandmother.
All the other DNA in our cells is called autosomal DNA, and it is shuffled up so that we can’t know which of our ancestors this DNA came from. However, by analyzing autosomal DNA, we can still determine the ancient ethnic origin of different autosomal segments, even though we won’t be able to pinpoint which specific ancestor each segment originated from. This will be the next big step in genetic genealogy in a few years .
Getting back to the Y-DNA and mtDNA, the two types of DNA that scientists have traditionally used for genetic genealogy purposes, scientists have have created a HUMAN MALE FAMILY TREE and a HUMAN FEMALE FAMILY TREE . My main goal is to find out which branches of these family trees all my ancestors fall on. For example, my Loccisano Y-DNA shows that the original Loccisano male is on branch G2a of the Human Male Family Tree and comes from the Middle East. My cousins Papallo Y-DNA, which represents my Papallo great-grandfather, falls on branch R1a of the Human Male Family tree and is of Slavic origins. Similarly, for my grandmother’s line, my dad’s mtDNA shows that his mother’s mother’s line falls on Branch H13a of the Human Female Family tree and comes from the Turkey/Caucauses area. HERE ARE THE DNA RESULTS I HAVE FOUND SO FAR ON PEOPLE WHOSE ANCESTRY IS FROM GIOIOSA IONICA, MARTONE, AND GROTTERIA.
If you or your ancestors are from Gioiosa Ionica, Martone, or Grotteria, and you are interested in finding out about your ancient origins and placement on the Human Family Tree through DNA, here is HOW TO PARTICIPATE in the project.