Participants’ Results

Y-DNA RESULTS OF OTHER FAMILIES FROM GIOIOSA IONICA, sick MARTONE, AND GROTTERIA

TUTINO/TOTINO and FANTO and MURDOCCO — The Tutino/Totino family and the Murdocco family are from Gioiosa Ionica.  The Fanto family is from the adjacent village of Roccella Ionica.   The  Tutino/Fanto/Murdocco  Y-DNA, which was inherited from the Tutino/Fanto/Murdocco male ancestor virtually unchanged from 1000s of years ago, place him overall on branch R of the Human Male Family Tree.  All men today who are on Branch R of the Human Male Family tree are positive for the P-M45 mutation, and descend from this one man who originally carried this mutation.   This mutation happened about 20,000 years ago.    Since then, extra mutations have accumulated on the Y-chromosome, and broken up  Haplogroup R men into sub-branches.  (Haplogroup is just another name for “branch”).  The  specific Haplogroup designation of Tutino/Fanto/Murdocco male is  R1b1a2a1a1b (with terminal mutation P312+).   To see this specific sub-branch, click on the link Human Male Family Tree and go to Branch R.  Put your cursor over the letter  “R” and an arrow should pop up.  Click on that arrow.  That will take you to the sub-divisions of Branch R and then find the sub-branch with the P312 mutation.    Scientists think that this  more recent mutation of P312 occured recently in the Western Europe.  This may even be one of the indigenous male lines in Italy.    Today, you still find most Haplogroup R1b1a2a1a1b men in Western Europe  and in the surrounding areas.   The Tutino/Fanto/Murdocco male ancestor came from this part of the world.   You can read more about Haplogroup R1b1a2a1a1b and and the associated P312 mutation here on Wikipedia’s website.

IENTILE and FRASCA — The Ientile family is from Martone and the Frasca family is also from Martone .   The   Ientile/Frasca  Y-DNA, which was inherited from the Ientile/Frasca male ancestor virtually unchanged from 1000s of years ago, place him overall on branch R of the Human Male Family Tree.  All men today who are on Branch R of the Human Male Family tree are positive for the P-M45 mutation, and descend from this one man who originally carried this mutation.   This mutation happened about 20,000 years ago.    Since then, extra mutations have accumulated on the Y-chromosome, and broken up  Haplogroup R men into sub-branches.  (Haplogroup is just another name for “branch”).  The  specific Haplogroup designation of Tutino/Fanto male is  R1b1a2a1a1b (with terminal mutation P312+).   To see this specific sub-branch, click on the link Human Male Family Tree and go to Branch R.  Put your cursor over the letter  “R” and an arrow should pop up.  Click on that arrow.  That will take you to the sub-divisions of Branch R and then find the sub-branch with the P312 mutation.    Scientists think that this  more recent mutation of P312 occured recently in the Western Europe.  This may even be one of the indigenous male lines in Italy.    Today, you still find most Haplogroup R1b1a2a1a1b men in Western Europe  and in the surrounding areas.   The Ientile/Frasca male ancestor came from this part of the world.   You can read more about Haplogroup R1b1a2a1a1b and and the associated P312 mutation here on Wikipedia’s website.

MAMMOLENTI and CIRCOSTA –The Mammolenti family is from Gioiosa Ionica, and the Circosta family is from the adjacent village of Martone.  These two families apparently originated from the same ancestor, because the Y-DNA results of both men were identical.  This is not too far fetched being that these are two small adjacent villages, each with a population of about 3000 people.   To find the origin of the these families, I had to find a Mammolenti and Circosta male who were willing to test for me.   The Mammolenti/Circosta  Y-DNA, which was inherited from the Mammolenti/Circosta ancestor virtually unchanged from 1000s of years ago, place him overall on branch E of the Human Male Family Tree.  All men today who are on Branch E of the Human Male Family tree are positive for the M96 mutation, and descend from this one man who originally carried this mutation.  This mutation happened 1000s of years ago in either East Africa or the Middle East.  Since then, extra mutations have accumulated on the Y-chromosome, and broken up  Haplogroup E men into sub-branches.  (Haplogroup is just another name for “branch”).  The specific Haplogroup designation of the Mammolenti/Circosta ancestor is E1b1b1a1a* (with terminal mutation V12+).   To see this specific sub-branch, click on the link Human Male Family Tree and go to Branch E.  Put your cursor over the letter  “E” and an arrow should pop up.  Click on that arrow.  That will take you to the sub-divisions of Branch E and then find the sub-branch with the V12 mutation.    Scientists think that this  more recent mutation of V12 occured several thousand years ago in the Horn of Africa or Egypt maybe.    Today, you still find most Haplogroup E1b1b1a1a* men in Eastern Africa, and in the surrounding areas.   The Mammolenti/Circosta ancestor came from this part of the world.   You can read more about Haplogroup E1b1b1a1a* and the associated V12 mutation here on Wikipedia’s website.

BELCASTRO — The Belcastro family is from Martone.  The Belcastro Y-DNA, which was inherited from the original Belcastro ancestor 1000s of years ago, place him overall on branch G of the Human Male Family Tree.  All men today who are on Branch G of the Human Male Family tree are positive for the M201 mutation, and descend from this one man who originally carried this mutation.  This mutation happened about 14,000 years ago in the Caucausus or the Middle East.  Since then, extra mutations have accumulated on the Y-chromosome, and broken up  Haplogroup G men into sub-branches.  (Haplogroup is just another name for “branch”).  The Belcastro specific Haplogroup designation is G2a3a1 (with terminal mutation L14+).   To see this specific sub-branch, click on the link Human Male Family Tree and go to Branch G.  Put your cursor over the letter  “G” and an arrow should pop up.  Click on that arrow.  That will take you to the sub-divisions of Branch G and then find the sub-branch with the L14 mutation.    Scientists think that this  more recent mutation of L14 occured less than 4000 years ago in Turkey or the Middle East.    Today, you still find most Haplogroup G2a3a1 men in Turkey, Greece, and the Middle East, and in the surrounding areas.   The Belcastro ancestor came from this part of the world.   You can read more about Haplogroup G2a3a and the associated M406 mutation here on Wikipedia’s website.

OPPEDISANO — The Oppedisano family is from Gioiosa Ionica.  The Oppedisano Y-DNA, which was inherited from the original Oppedisano ancestor 1000s of years ago, place him overall on branch G of the Human Male Family Tree.  All men today who are on Branch G of the Human Male Family tree are positive for the M201 mutation, and descend from this one man who originally carried this mutation.  This mutation happened about 14,000 years ago in the Caucausus or the Middle East.  Since then, extra mutations have accumulated on the Y-chromosome, and broken up  Haplogroup G men into sub-branches.  (Haplogroup is just another name for “branch”).  The Oppedisano specific Haplogroup designation is G2a3b1a (with terminal mutation L13+).   To see this specific sub-branch, click on the link Human Male Family Tree and go to Branch G.  Put your cursor over the letter  “G” and an arrow should pop up.  Click on that arrow.  That will take you to the sub-divisions of Branch G and then find the sub-branch with the L13 mutation.    Scientists think that this  more recent mutation of L13 occured recently in Central Europe.    Today, you still find most Haplogroup G2a3b1a men in Italy, Germany, and throughout Europe in low percentages.  The Oppedisano ancestor came from this part of the world.   You can read more about Haplogroup G2a3b1a and the associated L13 mutation here on Wikipedia’s website.

FEMIA — The Femia family is from Grotteria. The Femia Y-DNA, which was inherited from the original Femia ancestor 1000s of years ago, place him overall on branch J of the Human Male Family Tree. All men today who are on Branch J of the Human Male Family tree are positive for the M304 and P209 mutations, and descend from this one man who originally carried these mutations. These mutations happened 30,000 years ago in Southwest Asia.  Since then, extra mutations have accumulated on the Y-chromosome, and broken up Haplogroup J men into sub-branches. (Haplogroup is just another name for “branch”). The specific Haplogroup designation of the Femia ancestor is J2 (with terminal mutation M172+). The Femia male has not tested for a deeper sub-branch of J2, so we can’t tell his more recent origins, but we can say that he fits the characteristics of Haplogroup J2. To see this specific sub-branch, click on the link Human Male Family Tree and go to Branch J. Put your cursor over the letter “J” and an arrow should pop up. Click on that arrow. That will take you to the sub-divisions of Branch J and then find the sub-branch with the M172+ mutation. Scientists think that the M172 mutation arose several 1000 years ago in the Middle East.  Today, you still find most Haplogroup J2 men in Middle East and in the surrounding areas. The Femia male line came from this part of the world. You can read more about Haplogroup J2 and the associated M172 mutation here on Wikipedia’s website.

GALLUZZO — The Galluzzo family is from Grotteria.  The Galluzzo Y-DNA, which was inherited from the original Galluzzo ancestor 1000s of years ago, place him overall on branch R of the Human Male Family Tree.   All men who are on branch R of the Human Male Family Tree are positive for the P-M45 mutation, and descend from this one man who originally carried this mutation.   This mutation happened about 20,000 years ago.    Since then, extra mutations have accumulated on the Y-chromosome, and broken up  Haplogroup R men into sub-branches.  (Haplogroup is just another name for “branch”).  The  specific Haplogroup designation of the Galluzzo ancestor is  R1a1a (with terminal mutation M198+).   To see this specific sub-branch, click on the link Human Male Family Tree and go to Branch R.  Put your cursor over the letter  “R” and an arrow should pop up.  Click on that arrow.  That will take you to the sub-divisions of Branch R and then find the sub-branch with the M198 mutation.    The Galluzzo male has not tested for a deeper sub-branch of R1a1a, so we can’t tell his more recent origins, but we can say that he fits the characteristics of Haplogroup R1a1a.   Haplogroup R1a1a may have arisen 1000s of years ago in the Russian Steppes.  Today, you still find most Haplogroup R1a1a men everywhere from South Asia, Siberia, Central Europe and Scandanavia.   The Galluzzo ancestor came from this part of the world.   You can read more about Haplogroup R1a1a and and the associated M198 mutation here on Wikipedia’s website.

IEMMA– The Iemma family is from Martone.  A male with the surname Iemma took a Y-DNA test for the Calabria DNA Project, to find the origin of this male line.   This participants Y-DNA, which was inherited from his father’s father’s father’s ine way back in time, virtually unchanged from 1000s of years ago, places him overall on branch E1b1b1 (with terminal mutation M35.1)  of the Human Male Family Tree.  To investigate the specific sub-branch of  Haplogroup E1b1b1 his paternal line is on, we would have to test more markers on his Y-DNA.   This would allow us to pinpoint his origins more precisely and more recently.   However, at this time, just by knowing her maternal line is in Haplogroup  E1b1b1,  we can still say that generally his paternal origins are from the Middle East or North Africa.   To see this specific sub-branch, click on the link Human Male Family Tree and go branch E.   Put your cursor over the letter  “E” and an arrow should pop up.  Click on that arrow.  That will take you to the sub-divisions of Branch E and then find the sub-branch with the M35.1 mutation.  You can read more about Haplogroup E and it’s sub-branches here on Wikipedia’s website.

 

 

mtDNA RESULTS OF OTHER FAMILIES FROM GIOIOSA IONICA, MARTONE, AND GROTTERIA

Maria Vumbaca was born in 1812 in Martone, to parents Francesco Vumbaca and Rosa Murdolo.   A female descendant of Maria Vumbaca—-her daughter’s daughter’s daughter—- took an mtDNA test for the Calabria DNA Project, to find the origin of this female line.   This participants mtDNA, which was inherited from her mother’s mother’s mother’s line way back in time, virtually unchanged from 1000s of years ago, places her overall on branch U5 of the Human Female Family Tree.  To investigate the specific sub-branch of  Haplogroup U5 she is on, we would have to test more markers on her mtDNA.   This would allow us to pinpoint her origins more precisely and more recently.   However, at this time, just by knowing she is in Haplogroup  U5,  we can still say that generally her origins are in Northern Europe.   To see this specific sub-branch, click on the link Human Female Family Tree and go to Branch  U at the bottom of the page.  Click on that link.  That will take you to the sub-divisions of Branch U, where you can further find sub-branch U5.   You can read more about Haplogroup U and its sub-branches here on Wikipedia’s website.

Maria Teresa Lombardo was born around 1875  in Martone.  A descendant on the female line of Maria Teresa Lombardo—-her daughter’s daughter’s daughter’s son—- took an mtDNA test for the Calabria DNA Project, to find the origin of this female line.   This participants mtDNA, which was inherited from her mother’s mother’s mother’s line way back in time, virtually unchanged from 1000s of years ago, places her overall on branch T2 of the Human Female Family Tree.  To investigate the specific sub-branch of  Haplogroup T2 she is on, we would have to test more markers on her mtDNA.   This would allow us to pinpoint her origins more precisely and more recently.   However, at this time, just by knowing she is in Haplogroup  T2,  we can still say that generally her origins are in Northern Europe.   To see this specific sub-branch, click on the link Human Female Family Tree and go to Branch  R* at the bottom of the page.  Click on that link.  That will take you to the sub-divisions of Branch R*, where you can further find sub-branch T2.   Her maternal line came from this part of the world.   You can read more about Haplogroup T and its sub-branches here on Wikipedia’s website.

Teresa Macri  was born in 1860 in the village of Siderno, to parents Francesco Macri and Maria Meleca.   A female descendant of Maria Meleca —-her daughter’s daughter’s daughter—- took an mtDNA test for the Calabria DNA Project, to find the origin of this female line.   This participants mtDNA, which was inherited from her mother’s mother’s mother’s line way back in time, virtually unchanged from 1000s of years ago, places her overall on branch V of the Human Female Family Tree.   To investigate the specific sub-branch of  Haplogroup V she is on, we would have to test more markers on her mtDNA.   This would allow us to pinpoint her origins more precisely and more recently.   However, at this time, just by knowing she is in Haplogroup V,  we can still say that generally her origins are in Northern Europe.    To see Haplogroup V on the Human Female Family tree,  click the link Human Female Family Tree and go to Branch R0 at the bottom of the page.  Click on that link.  That will take you to the sub-divisions of Branch R0, where you can further find sub-branch V.    You can read more about Haplogroup V and its sub-branches here on Wikipedia’s website.

Maria Rosa Murdocca was born around 1920 in Martone.   A descendant on the female line of Maria Rosa Murdocca took an mtDNA test for the Calabria DNA Project, to find the origin of this female line.   This participants mtDNA, which was inherited from his mother’s mother’s mother’s line way back in time, virtually unchanged from 1000s of years ago, places his maternal line overall on branch H of the Human Female Family Tree.  To investigate the specific sub-branch of  Haplogroup H his maternal line is on, we would have to test more markers on his mtDNA.   This would allow us to pinpoint her origins more precisely and more recently.   However, at this time, just by knowing his maternal line is in Haplogroup  H,  we can still say that generally his maternal origins are in Western Europe.   To see this specific sub-branch, click on the link Human Female Family Tree and go to Branch  R0 at the bottom of the page.  Click on that link.  That will take you to the sub-divisions of Branch R0*, where you can further find sub-branch H.   You can read more about Haplogroup H and its sub-branches here on Wikipedia’s website.

Maria Giuditta Commisso was born around 1874 in Gioiosa Ionica.   A descendant on the female line of Maria Giuditta Commisso took an mtDNA test for the Calabria DNA Project, to find the origin of this female line.   This participants mtDNA, which was inherited from his mother’s mother’s mother’s line way back in time, virtually unchanged from 1000s of years ago, places his maternal line overall on branch J of the Human Female Family Tree.  To investigate the specific sub-branch of  Haplogroup J his maternal line is on, we would have to test more markers on his mtDNA.   This would allow us to pinpoint her origins more precisely and more recently.   However, at this time, just by knowing his maternal line is in Haplogroup  J we can say that generally is maternal origins are in the Middle East, Caucauses Mountains, or Europe.   To see this specific sub-branch, click on the link Human Female Family Tree and go to Branch  R* at the bottom of the page.  Click on that link.  That will take you to the sub-divisions of Branch R*, where you can further find sub-branch J.   You can read more about Haplogroup J and its sub-branches here on Wikipedia’s website.

Rosa* Gallani was born around 1920 in Siderno.  A descendant on the female line of Rosa Gallani took an mtDNA test for the Calabria DNA Project, to find the origin of this female line.   This participants mtDNA, which was inherited from her mother’s mother’s mother’s line way back in time, virtually unchanged from 1000s of years ago, places her maternal line overall on branch H of the Human Female Family Tree.  To investigate the specific sub-branch of  Haplogroup H her maternal line is on, we would have to test more markers on her mtDNA.   This would allow us to pinpoint her origins more precisely and more recently.   However, at this time, just by knowing her maternal line is in Haplogroup  H,  we can still say that generally his maternal origins are in Western Europe.   To see this specific sub-branch, click on the link Human Female Family Tree and go to Branch  R0 at the bottom of the page.  Click on that link.  That will take you to the sub-divisions of Branch R0*, where you can further find sub-branch H.   You can read more about Haplogroup H and its sub-branches here on Wikipedia’s website.

Giuditta Ali was born around 1882 in Gioiosa Ionica.  A descendant on the female line of Giuditta Ali took an mtDNA test for the Calabria DNA Project, to find the origin of this female line.   This participants mtDNA, which was inherited from her mother’s mother’s mother’s line way back in time, virtually unchanged from 1000s of years ago, places her maternal line overall on branch H of the Human Female Family Tree.  To investigate the specific sub-branch of  Haplogroup H her maternal line is on, we would have to test more markers on her mtDNA.   This would allow us to pinpoint her origins more precisely and more recently.   However, at this time, just by knowing her maternal line is in Haplogroup  H,  we can still say that generally his maternal origins are in Western Europe.   To see this specific sub-branch, click on the link Human Female Family Tree and go to Branch  R0 at the bottom of the page.  Click on that link.  That will take you to the sub-divisions of Branch R0*, where you can further find sub-branch H.   You can read more about Haplogroup H and its sub-branches here on Wikipedia’s website.

Rosa Carabetta was born around 1753 in Martone.  A descendant on the female line of Rosa Carabetta– her daughter’s daughter’s daughter’s daughter’s daughter– took an mtDNA test for the Calabria DNA Project, to find the origin of this female line.   This participants mtDNA, which was inherited from her mother’s mother’s mother’s line way back in time, virtually unchanged from 1000s of years ago, places her maternal line overall on branch H1e of the Human Female Family Tree.  To investigate the specific sub-branch of  Haplogroup H1e her maternal line is on, we would have to test more markers on her mtDNA.   This would allow us to pinpoint her origins more precisely and more recently.   However, at this time, just by knowing her maternal line is in Haplogroup  H1e,  we can still say that generally his maternal origins are in Western Europe.   To see this specific sub-branch, click on the link Human Female Family Tree and go to Branch  R0 at the bottom of the page.  Click on that link.  That will take you to the sub-divisions of Branch R0*, where you can further find sub-branch H1e.   You can read more about Haplogroup H and its sub-branches here on Wikipedia’s website.

Rosa Caterina Cessario was born around 1879 in Martone.  A descendant on the female line of Rosa Caterina Cessario took an mtDNA test for the Calabria DNA Project, to find the origin of this female line.   This participants mtDNA, which was inherited from his mother’s mother’s mother’s line way back in time, virtually unchanged from 1000s of years ago, places his maternal line overall on branch H of the Human Female Family Tree.  To investigate the specific sub-branch of  Haplogroup H his maternal line is on, we would have to test more markers on his mtDNA.   This would allow us to pinpoint her origins more precisely and more recently.   However, at this time, just by knowing his maternal line is in Haplogroup  H,  we can still say that generally his maternal origins are in Western Europe.   To see this specific sub-branch, click on the link Human Female Family Tree and go to Branch  R0 at the bottom of the page.  Click on that link.  That will take you to the sub-divisions of Branch R0*, where you can further find sub-branch H.   You can read more about Haplogroup H and its sub-branches here on Wikipedia’s website.

Pasqualina Ciurleo was born around 1822 in Martone.  A descendant on the female line of Pasqualina Ciurleo– her daughter’s daughter’s son– took an mtDNA test for the Calabria DNA Project, to find the origin of this female line.   This participants mtDNA, which was inherited from his mother’s mother’s mother’s line way back in time, virtually unchanged from 1000s of years ago, places his maternal line overall on branch H of the Human Female Family Tree.  To investigate the specific sub-branch of  Haplogroup H his maternal line is on, we would have to test more markers on his mtDNA.   This would allow us to pinpoint her origins more precisely and more recently.   However, at this time, just by knowing his maternal line is in Haplogroup  H,  we can still say that generally his maternal origins are in Western Europe.   To see this specific sub-branch, click on the link Human Female Family Tree and go to Branch  R0 at the bottom of the page.  Click on that link.  That will take you to the sub-divisions of Branch R0*, where you can further find sub-branch H.   You can read more about Haplogroup H and its sub-branches here on Wikipedia’s website.

Maria Marianna Circosta was born around 1866 in Martone.   A descendant on the female line of Maria Marianna Circosta—her daughter’s daughter– took an mtDNA test for the Calabria DNA Project, to find the origin of this female line.   This participants mtDNA, which was inherited from her mother’s mother’s mother’s line way back in time, virtually unchanged from 1000s of years ago, places her maternal line overall on branch H of the Human Female Family Tree.  To investigate the specific sub-branch of  Haplogroup H her maternal line is on, we would have to test more markers on her mtDNA.   This would allow us to pinpoint her origins more precisely and more recently.   However, at this time, just by knowing her maternal line is in Haplogroup  H,  we can still say that generally his maternal origins are in Western Europe.   To see this specific sub-branch, click on the link Human Female Family Tree and go to Branch  R0 at the bottom of the page.  Click on that link.  That will take you to the sub-divisions of Branch R0*, where you can further find sub-branch H.   You can read more about Haplogroup H and its sub-branches here on Wikipedia’s website.

Rosaria Verteramo was born in 1891 in Martone.  A descendant on the female line of Rosaria Verteramo took an mtDNA test for the Calabria DNA Project, to find the origin of this female line.   This participants mtDNA, which was inherited from his mother’s mother’s mother’s line way back in time, virtually unchanged from 1000s of years ago, places his maternal line overall on branch H of the Human Female Family Tree.  To investigate the specific sub-branch of  Haplogroup H his maternal line is on, we would have to test more markers on his mtDNA.   This would allow us to pinpoint her origins more precisely and more recently.   However, at this time, just by knowing his maternal line is in Haplogroup  H,  we can still say that generally his maternal origins are in Western Europe.   To see this specific sub-branch, click on the link Human Female Family Tree and go to Branch  R0 at the bottom of the page.  Click on that link.  That will take you to the sub-divisions of Branch R0*, where you can further find sub-branch H.   You can read more about Haplogroup H and its sub-branches here on Wikipedia’s website.

Elizabetta Agostino was born in the 1700s in Martone.  A descendant on the female line of Elizabetta Agostino—her daughter’s daughter’s daughter’s daughter’s son– took an mtDNA test for the Calabria DNA Project, to find the origin of this female line.   This participants mtDNA, which was inherited from his mother’s mother’s mother’s line way back in time, virtually unchanged from 1000s of years ago, places his maternal line overall on branch N1a of the Human Female Family Tree.  To investigate the specific sub-branch of  Haplogroup N1a his maternal line is on, we would have to test more markers on his mtDNA.   This would allow us to pinpoint her origins more precisely and more recently.   However, at this time, just by knowing his maternal line is in Haplogroup  N1a,  we can still say that generally his maternal origins are in the Arabian Peninsula.   To see this specific sub-branch, click on the link Human Female Family Tree and go to Branch  N* at the bottom of the page.  Click on that link.  That will take you to the sub-divisions of Branch N*, where you can further find sub-branch N1a.   You can read more about Haplogroup N1a and its sub-branches here on Wikipedia’s website.

Caterina Nadile was born in the 1700s in Martone.   A descendant on the female line of Caterina Nadile—her daughter’s daughter’s daughter’s son– took an mtDNA test for the Calabria DNA Project, to find the origin of this female line.  .   This participants mtDNA, which was inherited from his mother’s mother’s mother’s line way back in time, virtually unchanged from 1000s of years ago, places his maternal line overall on branch U5 of the Human Female Family Tree.  To investigate the specific sub-branch of  Haplogroup U5 his maternal line is on, we would have to test more markers on his mtDNA.   This would allow us to pinpoint her origins more precisely and more recently.   However, at this time, just by knowing that his maternal line is in Haplogroup  U5,  we can still say that generally her origins are in Northern Europe.   To see this specific sub-branch, click on the link Human Female Family Tree and go to Branch  U at the bottom of the page.  Click on that link.  That will take you to the sub-divisions of Branch U, where you can further find sub-branch U5.   You can read more about Haplogroup U and its sub-branches here on Wikipedia’s website.

Giuseppa Oppedisano was born around 1820 in Martone.    A descendant on the female line of Giuseppa Oppedisano—her daughter’s daughter’s daughter’s son– took an mtDNA test for the Calabria DNA Project, to find the origin of this female line.  .   This participants mtDNA, which was inherited from his mother’s mother’s mother’s line way back in time, virtually unchanged from 1000s of years ago, places his maternal line overall on branch H13a1a2a of the Human Female Family Tree.  This sub-branch of Haplogroup H occurs in the Caucauses Mountains, the Middle East, and in Italy.   To see this specific sub-branch, click on the link Human Female Family Tree and go to Branch  R0 at the bottom of the page.  Click on that link.  That will take you to the sub-divisions of Branch R0, where you can further find sub-branch H13.    Giuseppa Oppedisano’s specific Haplogroup of H13a1a2a probably first appeared in the Caucauses Mountain area.    Her maternal line came from this part of the world.   You can read more about Haplogroup H and its sub-branches here on Wikipedia’s website.

Raffaela Fuda was born in Martone in 1909.  A descendant on the female line of Raffaela Fuda—-her son—- took an mtDNA test for the Calabria DNA Project, to find the origin of this female line.   This participants mtDNA, which was inherited from her mother’s mother’s mother’s line way back in time, virtually unchanged from 1000s of years ago, places her overall on branch T2 of the Human Female Family Tree.  To investigate the specific sub-branch of  Haplogroup T2 she is on, we would have to test more markers on her mtDNA.   This would allow us to pinpoint her origins more precisely and more recently.   However, at this time, just by knowing she is in Haplogroup  T2,  we can still say that generally her origins are in Northern Europe.   To see this specific sub-branch, click on the link Human Female Family Tree and go to Branch  R* at the bottom of the page.  Click on that link.  That will take you to the sub-divisions of Branch R*, where you can further find sub-branch T2.   Her maternal line came from this part of the world.   You can read more about Haplogroup T and its sub-branches here on Wikipedia’s website.

Marianna Marando was born in 1890 in Gioiosa Ionica.   A descendant on the female line of Marianna Marando–her son– took an mtDNA test for the Calabria DNA Project, to find the origin of this female line.   This participants mtDNA, which was inherited from his mother’s mother’s mother’s line way back in time, virtually unchanged from 1000s of years ago, places his maternal line overall on branch H of the Human Female Family Tree.  To investigate the specific sub-branch of  Haplogroup H his maternal line is on, we would have to test more markers on his mtDNA.   This would allow us to pinpoint her origins more precisely and more recently.   However, at this time, just by knowing his maternal line is in Haplogroup  H,  we can still say that generally his maternal origins are in Western Europe.   To see this specific sub-branch, click on the link Human Female Family Tree and go to Branch  R0 at the bottom of the page.  Click on that link.  That will take you to the sub-divisions of Branch R0*, where you can further find sub-branch H.   You can read more about Haplogroup H and its sub-branches here on Wikipedia’s website.

Elizabetta Ritorto was born around 1836 in Gioiosa Ionica.  A descendant on the female line of Elizabetta Ritorto–her daughter’s daughter’s daugher’s daughter’s son– took an mtDNA test for the Calabria DNA Project, to find the origin of this female line.   This participants mtDNA, which was inherited from his mother’s mother’s mother’s line way back in time, virtually unchanged from 1000s of years ago, places his maternal line overall on branch H14a of the Human Female Family Tree.  To investigate the specific sub-branch of  Haplogroup H14a his maternal line is on, we would have to test more markers on his mtDNA.   This would allow us to pinpoint her origins more precisely and more recently.   However, at this time, just by knowing his maternal line is in Haplogroup  H14a,  we can still say that generally his maternal origins are in the Middle East or southern Europe.   To see this specific sub-branch, click on the link Human Female Family Tree and go to Branch  R0 at the bottom of the page.  Click on that link.  That will take you to the sub-divisions of Branch R0*, where you can further find sub-branch H14a.   You can read more about Haplogroup H and its sub-branches here on Wikipedia’s website.

Elizabetta Frammartino was born in 1841 in Caulonia.  A  descendant on the female line of Elizabetta Frammartino  took an mtDNA test for the Calabria DNA Project, to find the origin of this female line.   This participants mtDNA, which was inherited from his mother’s mother’s mother’s line way back in time, virtually unchanged from 1000s of years ago, places his materrnal line overall on branch V of the Human Female Family Tree.   To investigate the specific sub-branch of  Haplogroup V this maternal line is on, we would have to test more markers on her mtDNA.   This would allow us to pinpoint her origins more precisely and more recently.   However, at this time, just by knowing she is in Haplogroup V,  we can still say that generally her origins are in Northern Europe.    To see Haplogroup V on the Human Female Family tree,  click the link Human Female Family Tree and go to Branch R0 at the bottom of the page.  Click on that link.  That will take you to the sub-divisions of Branch R0, where you can further find sub-branch V.    You can read more about Haplogroup V and its sub-branches here on Wikipedia’s website.

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