MAMMOLENTI and CIRCOSTA –The Mammolenti family is from Gioiosa Ionica, and the Circosta family is from the adjacent village of Martone.  These two families apparently originated from the same ancestor, because the Y-DNA results of both men were identical.  This is not too far fetched being that these are two small adjacent villages, each with a population of about 3000 people.   To find the origin of the these families, I had to find a Mammolenti and Circosta male who were willing to test for me.   The Mammolenti/Circosta  Y-DNA, which was inherited from the Mammolenti/Circosta ancestor virtually unchanged from 1000s of years ago, place him overall on branch E of the Human Male Family Tree.  All men today who are on Branch E of the Human Male Family tree are positive for the M96 mutation, and descend from this one man who originally carried this mutation.  This mutation happened 1000s of years ago in either East Africa or the Middle East.  Since then, extra mutations have accumulated on the Y-chromosome, and broken up  Haplogroup E men into sub-branches.  (Haplogroup is just another name for “branch”).  The specific Haplogroup designation of the Mammolenti/Circosta ancestor is E1b1b1a1a* (with terminal mutation V12+).   To see this specific sub-branch, click on the link Human Male Family Tree and go to Branch E.  Put your cursor over the letter  “E” and an arrow should pop up.  Click on that arrow.  That will take you to the sub-divisions of Branch E and then find the sub-branch with the V12 mutation.    Scientists think that this  more recent mutation of V12 occured several thousand years ago in the Horn of Africa or Egypt maybe.    Today, you still find most Haplogroup E1b1b1a1a* men in Eastern Africa, and in the surrounding areas.   The Mammolenti/Circosta ancestor came from this part of the world.   You can read more about Haplogroup E1b1b1a1a* and the associated V12 mutation here on Wikipedia’s website.

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