AGOSTINO and INFUSINI — My great-great- great grandfather was an Agostino and my  5th great grandfather was an Infusini.   These two families apparently originated from the same ancestor, because the Y-DNA results of both my Agostino cousin and my  Infusini cousin were identical.  This is not too far fetched being that both of these distant grandfathers came from  two small adjacent villages (Gioiosa Ionica and Martone respectively), each with a population of about 3000 people .    The Agostino/Infusini Y-DNA, which was inherited from my Agostino/Infusini  ancestor virtually unchanged from 1000s of years ago, place him overall on branch E of the Human Male Family Tree.  All men today who are on Branch E of the Human Male Family tree are positive for the M96 mutation, and descend from this one man who originally carried this mutation.  This mutation happened 1000s of years ago in either East Africa or the Middle East.  Since then, extra mutations have accumulated on the Y-chromosome, and broken up  Haplogroup E men into sub-branches.  (Haplogroup is just another name for “branch”).  The specific Haplogroup designation of my Agostino/Infusini ancestor is E1b1b1c1a* (with terminal mutations M 34+ M84+).   To see this specific sub-branch, click on the link Human Male Family Tree and go to Branch E.  Put your cursor over the letter  “E” and an arrow should pop up.  Click on that arrow.  That will take you to the sub-divisions of Branch E and then find the sub-branch with the M34+ M84+ mutations.    Scientists think that this  more recent mutation of M84+ occured several thousand years ago in the Horn of Africa or Egypt maybe.    Today, you still find most Haplogroup E1b1b1c1a* men in Eastern Africa, and in the surrounding areas.   My Agostino/Infusini ancestor came from this part of the world.   You can read more about Haplogroup E1b1b1c1a* and the associated M34+ M84+mutations here on Wikipedia’s website.

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