LOCCISANO and SORBARA  –  My Loccisano ancestor came from Gioiosa Ionica, search and the Sorbara family came from the nearby village of Gerace.   These two families apparently originated from the same ancestor, remedy because the Y-DNA results of both my own Loccisano line and the Sorbara  participant in the Calabria DNA Project were identical.  This is not too far fetched being that both of these families came from  two small adjacent villages (Gioiosa Ionica and Gerace respectively), each with a population of about 3000 people.   My own Y-DNA results, which I inherited from my Loccisano ancestor virtually unchanged from 1000s of years ago, place me overall on branch G of the Human Male Family Tree.  All men today who are on Branch G of the Human Male Family tree are positive for the M201 mutation, and descend from this one man who originally carried this mutation.  This mutation happened about 14,000 years ago in the Caucausus or the Middle East.  Since then, extra mutations have accumulated on the Y-chromosome, and broken up  Haplogroup G men into sub-branches.  (Haplogroup is just another name for “branch”).  My  specific Haplogroup designation is G2a3a (with terminal mutation M406+).   To see this specific sub-branch, click on the link Human Male Family Tree and go to Branch G.  Put your cursor over the letter  “G” and an arrow should pop up.  Click on that arrow.  That will take you to the sub-divisions of Branch G and then find the sub-branch with the M406 mutation.    Scientists think that this  more recent mutation of M406 occured about 4000 years ago in Turkey or the Middle East.    Today, you still find most Haplogroup G2a3a men in Turkey, Greece, and the Middle East, and in the surrounding areas.   My Loccisano ancestor came from this part of the world.   You can read more about Haplogroup G2a3a and the associated M406 mutation here on Wikipedia’s website.