SEVERINO and ALI —  My great-great-great grandfather was a Severino and my 7th great grandfather was an Ali.   These two families apparently originated from the same ancestor, because the Y-DNA results of both my Severino cousin and my  Ali  cousin were identical.     This is not too far fetched being that both of these distant grandfathers came from the village of Gioiosa Ionica, with a population of about 7000 people .    The Severino/Ali Y-DNA, which was inherited from my Severino/Ali  ancestor virtually unchanged from 1000s of years ago, place him overall on branch J of the Human Male Family Tree.  All men today who are on Branch J of the Human Male Family tree are positive for the M304 and P209 mutations, and descend from this one man who originally carried these mutations.  These mutations happened 30,000 years ago in Southwest Asia.   Since then, extra mutations have accumulated on the Y-chromosome, and broken up  Haplogroup J men into sub-branches.  (Haplogroup is just another name for “branch”).  The specific Haplogroup designation of my Severino/Ali ancestor is J2a4h2a  (with terminal mutation L70+).   To see this specific sub-branch, click on the link Human Male Family Tree and go to Branch J.  Put your cursor over the letter  “J” and an arrow should pop up.  Click on that arrow.  That will take you to the sub-divisions of Branch J and then find the sub-branch with the L70+ mutation.    Scientists think that this  more recent mutation of M70+ occured several thousand years ago in the Levant or maybe Turkey.    Today, you still find most Haplogroup J2a4h2a  men in Middle East and in the surrounding areas.   My Severino/Ali ancestor came from this part of the world.   You can read more about Haplogroup J2a4h2a and the associated L70 mutation here on Wikipedia’s website.

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